Incentives for Plug-in Hybrids and Electric Cars
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We're doing our best to track the growing list of federal and state-based incentives for purchasing an electric car or plug-in hybrid. See how much you can save to get behind the wheel of an electric-drive plug-in vehicle. Help us keep the list up-to-date by letting us know if you have info about new or changing incentives.
New Plug-in Car Purchases
Buyers of plug-in hybrids and electric cars benefit from a tax credit of $2,500 to $7,500, depending on the size of the battery in the car. On the low end of the spectrum, cars with 4 kWh battery packs will qualify for a $2,500 tax credit. The credit maxes out at $7,500 for cars with a 16 kWh battery pack, like the Chevy Volt. The credits were provided as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, otherwise known as the “stimulus bill.” The incentive begins phasing out after an automaker sells 200,000 vehicles that are eligible for the credit.
Better Electricity Rates
Many electric utilities around the country offer special rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates, to reduce the cost of powering an electric car or plug-in hybrid. The reduced EV rate can significantly reduce the cost of charging your car. Check with your local utility company for exact rates and other details.
Discounts on Insurance
Several major insurance companies, such as Farmers, offer discounts of 5 percent or more for owners of electric and hybrid cars. Inquire with your insurance agent for details. We will continue to investigate which companies offer the best rates for EV owners and will post to this page.
Some states offer EV buyers and businesses a credit for the purchase and costs of charging equipment.
On Friday, December 18, 2015, President Obama signed the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2016 (H.R. 2029). Division Q, the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act (PATH Act), retroactively extending the tax credit for EV charging infrastructure for 2015 and going forward for 2016 (www.afdc.energy.gov) Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Tax Credit. Section 182 extends the tax credit for alternative fuel infrastructure through December 31, 2016. Fueling equipment and related infrastructure for electricity are eligible for a tax credit of 30 percent, up to $30,000. Retroactive for EV Charging Infrastructure placed in service in 2015. This means if you installed EV charging in 2015, you can take advantage of this credit for your investment. Residential fueling equipment may receive a tax credit up to $1,000.
Drivers converting a car into a plug-in hybrid, or a gas-powered car into an electric vehicle, had received a tax credit equal to 10 percent of the conversion cost. But that federal incentive ended on December 31, 2011. Individual states, such as Colorado and Florida, provide additional incentives, such as rebates and state tax credits.
Reduced license fees are available for electric cars and some plug-in hybrids. A tax credit of up to $75 is available to individuals for the installation of EV charging outlets in a house constructed by a taxpayer. Arizona grants carpool lane access for most EVs and plug-in hybrids, but that program was limited to 10,000 vehicles and has reached its capacity.
The state designates some parking areas for carpool operators only. All alternative fuel vehicles qualify for the parking privilege and don’t require a special license plate like the HOV program. Plug-ins also qualify for a significantly reduced vehicle license tax.
The Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) offers rebates for the purchase or lease of qualified vehicles. The rebates offer up to $2,500 for light-duty zero emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles that the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has approved or certified. The rebates are available on a first-come, first-served basis to individuals, business owners, and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible vehicles. In periods when funding exceeds current budgets, waiting lists can form.
In September 2016, the program received an influx of an additional $133 million, enough to fund more than 50,000 additional rebates. Households earning more than $300,000 and individuals reporting more than $150,000 per year are no longer eligible. For more information, including a list of eligible vehicles and other requirements, see the CVRP website.
The LA Department of Water and Power’s “Charge Up L.A.!” program offers residents a rebate of up to $500 toward charging equipment and installation. Visit the program website for more details.
Burbank Water and Power in Burbank, Calif., offers rebates on electric vehicle charging stations as follows: up to $500.00 for residential equipment and up to $1,000.00 for commercial stations. In addition, a discounted per kWh rate for use of public EV charging locations is set to $0.1744 for off-peak hours, and $0.3053 during peak hours. See more information on incentives in Burbank.
Sacramento offers free or discounted parking to individuals or small businesses certified by the city's Office of Small Business Development that own or lease EVs with an EV parking pass in designated downtown parking garages and surface lots. Free EV charging is also provided in several parking garages.
For public agencies, the Bay Area Air Quality Management District’s (Air District) PEV Rebate Program provides funding through vouchers that are issued in these amounts: (1) $2,500 per light-duty zero-emission vehicles, including battery electric and hydrogen electric vehicles; (2) $1,000 per light-duty plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; (3) $500 per zero-emission neighborhood electric vehicles; and (4) $2,500 per zero-emission motorcycles. Vouchers may be redeemed on a reimbursement basis, and must be issued prior to the purchase or lease of vehicles. For more information: http://www.baaqmd.gov/Divisions/Strategic-Incentives/On-Road-Vehicles/Pu...
An unlimited number of white HOV access stickers were issued beginning on January 1, 2011. Cars that meet these requirements are typically certified pure zero emission vehicles (100 percent battery electric and hydrogen fuel cell) and compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles. Per AB 266, the expiration date for the white stickers was extended to January 1, 2019.
Green Clean Air Vehicle decals were originally available to the first 40,000 applicants that purchased or leased cars meeting California's transitional zero emission vehicles (TZEV) requirement, also known as the enhanced advanced technology partial zero emission vehicle (AT PZEV) requirement. Per SB 286, the expiration date for the green decals has been extended to January 1, 2019. Per budget trailer bill, SB 853 (Statutes 2014, chapter 27), the green decal limit was increased by 15,000 to 55,000 decals effective July 1, 2014. Now, per AB 2013, effective January 1, 2015, an additional 15,000 decals will be available for a new maximum of 70,000.
Solo drivers of conventional hybrid gas-electric cars that had been issued yellow stickers are no longer eligible for HOV access.
Many utilities offer discounted rates for residential vehicle charging during off-peak hours, including PG&E, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, SDG&E, Riverside Public Utilities, and others.
The "Remove II Program" is administered by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (APCD) and provides incentives for the purchase of low emission passenger vehicles, light duty trucks, small buses, and trucks with Gross Vehicle Weight Ratings of 14,000 pounds or less. The program offers between $1,000 and $3,000 per vehicle and varies according to the emission certification level and size of the vehicle. Vehicles must be powered by alternative fuel, electric, or hybrid electric motors. The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District is made up of eight counties in California’s Central Valley: San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Merced, Madera, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and the San Joaquin Valley Air Basin portion of Kern. Rebate vouchers are available for the purchase of electric vehicles in qualifying counties up to $3,000.
In June 2009, Sony Pictures Entertainment established an employee incentive of up to $5,000 when they buy either a hybrid electric vehicle or install solar voltaic panels on their residence.
- Related Law: CA AB-1092 - enacted summer 2014: California bill, now law, which requires new construction projects with four or more off-street parking spaces to include at least one EV charging station per every four off-street parking spaces. Details: http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml.
In May 4, 2016, Colorado passed HB 1332, which provides buyers of light-duty EVs a $5,000 incentive. The Colorado tax credit can be assigned to a dealership or finance company in exchange for the dealer slashing $5,000 off the purchase price. In this way, the tax credit becomes immediately available when you buy the car. See more details on HB 1332.
Grants are also available to local governments for the installation of EV charging stations. Grants are prioritized based on the local government's commitment to energy efficiency. For assistance with grants contact Colorado-based plug-in car readiness website.
- Related Law:CO SB-126 - enacted summer 2014: Colorado bill, now law, which prohibits a landlord or condominium owner association from limiting a tenant or unit owner from installing EV charging equipment for their own use at the residence. Details: http://legiscan.com/CO/text/SB126/2013.
The Connecticut Hydrogen and Electric Automobile Purchase Rebate (CHEAPR) program offers up to $3,000 per vehicle for battery electric, fuel cell electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. CSE anticipates issuing rebates for about 325 vehicles in this initial phase of the program on a first-come, first-served basis. Individuals are limited to one rebate, however, businesses, nonprofit organizations and government entities can receive two rebates.
Since 2005, New Haven, Connecticut has provided free metered parking for hybrids and EVs. Parking permits are available from the city.
Delaware announced a new rebate program on July 16, 2015. You can receive a rebate of $2,200 toward the purchase or lease of a new qualified electric vehicle, or $1,100 towards retrofitting an internal combustion engine into a dedicated electric vehicle. More details are available here: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/energy/Pages/The-Delaware-Clean-Vehicle-Re...
Delawareans may also apply for a $500 rebate for the purchase of electric vehicle charging equipment. Get more info at http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/energy/Pages/The-Delaware-EVSE-Rebate-Prog...
This pdf provide an overview of the Delaware rebate programs: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/energy/Documents/Transportation%20Program/...
District of Columbia
Plug-in vehicles are exempt from the excise tax imposed on an original certificate of title, and a reduced vehicle registration fee of $36.
Electric cars are exempt from most insurance surcharges. Electric cars are granted access to carpool lanes.
JEA, a utility company in northeastern, JEA, is offering a rebate of up to $1,000 for purchased or leased plug-in vehicle: $500 rebate for a plug-in vehicle with a battery size smaller than 15 kWh; and a $1,000 rebate for a plug-in vehicle with a 15 kWh or bigger battery size.
The Georgia tax credit will no longer be effective as of July 1, 2015. Previously, the state offered income tax credits for up to 20 percent of the cost of an electric car—maximum of $5,000—or 10 percent (with a max of $2,500) for a car conversion to use an “alternative fuel” including electricity.
Contact: James Udi, Environmental Specialist, Georgia Environmental Protection Division, email@example.com.
Georgia Power, the largest utility in the state, has a $12 million pilot program that offers incentives to residential customers of $250 (and up to $500 for businesses) for installing certain types of EV chargers.
Qualified plug-in electric vehicles affixed with special state-issued license plates may use HOV lanes regardless of the number of passengers and are exempt from parking fees charged by any non-federal governmental authority. The exemptions are effective through June 30, 2020. Previous rebates have expired.
The parking is essentially free at the Honolulu International Airport. An electric vehicle charging station, which can provide service to two vehicles, is located on level 1 of the international arrivals parking structure. The current charge for use of the electric vehicle charging station is $7.00 for 24 hours. For more information, go to http://hawaii.gov/hnl/airport-parking/electric-vehicle-parking.
In late March 2015, representatives of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency announced that consumers who purchased a new plug-in vehicle in 2014, or later, will not receive a $4,000 rebate from the state. The rebate program was started in 1998. There are currently no plans to reinstate the program.
For questions, contact Darwin Burkhart, Manager, Clean Air Programs, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency and Chicago Area Clean Cities Coalition. firstname.lastname@example.org; http://www.illinoisgreenfleets.org
The state has an incentive on the books, offering an income tax credit worth 50 percent of the cost premium of an electric car, plug-in hybrid, or converting a vehicle. A taxpayer may instead take a tax credit worth 10% of the cost of the motor vehicle or up to $3,000, whichever is less. Similar credits are available for charging equipment installation. However, calculating the credit is tricky. If there is no gas-equivalent for a car, then the fixed premium cost is 7.6%. It is scheduled to increase to 10% in the 2018 tax year—although the future of the credit is uncertain. Consult a tax professional.
State-based credits are offered, while funding is available, based on the vehicle’s battery capacity—based on $125 times each kilowatt-hour, not to exceed $3,000. In addition, Maryland offers a rebate for installing EV charging stations of up to $900 for individuals and $5,000 for businesses.
You may also be eligible for a one-time excise tax credit, up to $1,000, when you purchase a qualifying plug-in electric vehicle. Effective July 1, 2014 through June 30, 2017, an individual may be entitled to receive an excise tax credit on a qualifying plug-in electric vehicle regardless of whether they own lease the vehicle. Business entities may also qualify for the tax credit on up to ten vehicles. Credits requests received are processed subject to the availability of funds.
The criteria and process for applying is available through the Maryland Department of Transportation.
Drivers of plug-in electric vehicles, titled and registered in Maryland, will be allowed to use the HOV lanes in Maryland regardless of the number of passengers, providing they obtain and display an HOV permit on the vehicle. The vehicle owner(s) must complete the Application for Plug-in Electric Vehicle HOV Permit (form VR-335). The permit will be valid through September 30, 2017. You may download the form for the permit from Motor Vehicle Administration website at: http://www.mva.maryland.gov/Resources/VR-335.pdf
The Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) program provides incentives to Massachusetts drivers who purchase or lease for 36 months a new qualified electric vehicle. For a complete list of eligible vehicles and information about the MOR-EV program, learn more at www.mor-ev.org. Rebates of up to $2,500 are available to Massachusetts residents who purchase or lease a qualified vehicle. Only vehicles listed on the MOR-EV program website are eligible for a rebate. The types of vehicles include battery electric cars, fuel cell electric cars, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and zero-emission motorcycles. Visit the MOR-EV program website for a complete list of eligible vehicles and to begin the application process.
On Jan. 15, 2016, the Baker-Polito Administration added $2 million in funding to Department of Energy Resource's electric vehicle rebate program.
Consumers Energy offers a reimbursement of up to $2,500 to help customers cover the purchase, installation, and wiring of a Level 2 EV charging station. The program expires at the end of 2014.
A tax credit of $500 is available for an electric car conversion.
Zero-emissions vehicles sold, rented, or leased in New Jersey are exempt from state sales and use tax. This exemption is not applicable to partial zero emission vehicles, including hybrid electric vehicles. ZEVs are defined as vehicles certified as such by the California Air Resources Board. For more information, visit the New Jersey Department of the Treasury website.
Electric cars qualify for access to the carpool lane. In addition, the New Jersey Turnpike Authority offers a 10 percent discount on off-peak New Jersey Turnpike and Garden State Parkway toll rates through NJ EZ-Pass for drivers of vehicles that have a fuel economy of 45 miles per gallon or higher and meet the California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle standard.
On April 1, 2017, New York will offer a rebate of up to $2,000 for zero-emission and plug-in electric hybrid vehicles. It's part of an effort to reduce automotive carbon emissions, the state's largest climate change contributor. (In early March, officials at the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority were putting the finishing touches on the rebate program and reaching out to car dealers to ensure they're aware of the program.)
In Cincinnati, EV drivers get free parking at any meter in the city and at two city-owned parking garages. Applications are available from the city.
The Oregon Department of Energy is no longer offering a $1,500 tax credit for the purchase of an electric vehicle. A tax credit, capped at $750, to cover 25% of the cost of purchasing and installing an EV charger, is still available.
For details, contact: Deby Davis, Program Analyst, Oregon Department of Energy, email@example.com
The program provides rebates to consumers for the purchase of new electric cars and plug-in hybrids. Leased vehicles are not eligible to receive a rebate. Only purchased vehicles are eligible to receive a rebate. A new vehicle is defined by having an odometer reading of less than 500 miles at the time of purchase to be eligible for a rebate.
A $2,000 rebate is available for EVs and PHEVs with battery capacity equal/greater than 10 kWh. The rebate drops to $1,000 for batteries less than 10 kWh.
The rebates are only available to the first 500 qualified applicants. Consumers may submit applications for up to 6 months after the date of purchase. Consumers should be aware that funds may be depleted before their rebate application can be processed. On June 30, 2014, the rebate amounts offered will be reassessed and likely reduced if funds remain. As of April 30, 2014, about 400 rebates remained.
Guidelines and forms are available from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
PECO offers a $50 rebate for EV owners filling out a survey: https://www.peco.com/Savings/ProgramsandRebates/Residential/Pages/SmartDriver.aspx.
In January 2016, Rhode Island state energy commissioner Marion Gold announced the availability of $200,000 for a new electric vehicle incentive program from theOffice of Energy Resources. Qualified applicants can get up to $2,500 in a rebate tied to the lease or purchase of a new electric vehicle.
The town of Warren offers residents with plug-in cars an excise tax exemption and reduced registration, described as an exemption "from the tax imposed by this chapter in an amount not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100) motor vehicles registered in Warren."
A state income tax credit equal to 20 percent of the federal fuel cell, advanced lean burn, hybrid electric vehicle, and alternative fuel vehicle credits is available to South Carolina resident taxpayers who are eligible for, and claim, the federal credits. This credit applies to electric cars and plug-in hybrids.
The $2,500 incentive offered to plug-in vehicle buyers in Tennessee is no longer available. The incentives were originally open to the first 1,000 buyers of the Nissan LEAF and Chevy Volt in 2010. It was a joint program by the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development and The EV Project. The national EV Project stopped taking enrollment on Jan. 31, 2013. (By that point, 772 rebates had been issued in Tennessee, totaling $1.8 million—about $700,000 short of its original goal, according to the Associated Press.)
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality revised the Light-Duty Motor Vehicle Purchase or Lease Incentive Program to be a statewide program to provide financial incentives up to $2,500 for the purchase or lease of eligible new plug-in electric vehicles. The city of San Antonio offers free metered parking for EVs. The city of Austin offers rebates up to $1,500 for the purchase of EV charging equipment.
The state provides an income tax credit up to $750 for a plug-in vehicle and up to $2,500 for a conversion. For details, contact Mat Carlile, Energy Program Coordinator, Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Air Quality, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Electric vehicles are exempt from the 6.5 percent sales tax and plug-in hybrids are exempt from the 0.3% motor vehicle sales tax. Tax exemptions also apply to charging station equipment and service. These tax exemptions expire on January 1, 2011.
B.C. residents will get up to $5,000 off the sticker price of a qualifying clean energy vehicle starting Dec. 1, 2011. The rebate includes qualifying new vehicles that are battery electric, fuel-cell electric, plug-in hybrid electric and those that operate on compressed natural gas. There are about 30 such vehicles for fleets in B.C., and 10 to 20 for residential use. As part of the $17-million program, the province is also providing funding for new charging stations and upgrades to hydrogen fueling stations at existing facilities. Homeowners who want to install a charging station will get a $500 mail-in rebate for eligible units.
Ontario rebates ranging from $5,000 to $8,500 to individuals, businesses and organizations that purchase or lease a new plug-in vehicle. The rebates will only be offered to the first 10,000 qualified applicants.
The Hudson Bay Company is offering free valet service for electric cars.
New to EVs? Start here
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A few simple tips before you visit the dealership.
Incentives for Plug-in Hybrids and Electric Cars
Take advantage of credits and rebates to reduce EV costs.
Buying Your First Home EV Charger
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